Angle Sum Property | Theorem | Proof | Examples- Cuemath (2024)

The angle sum property of a triangle states that the sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to 180º. A triangle has three sides and three angles, one at each vertex. Whether a triangle is an acute, obtuse, or a right triangle, the sum of its interior angles is always 180º.

The angle sum property of a triangle is one of the most frequently used properties in geometry. This property is mostly used to calculate the unknown angles.

1.What is the Angle Sum Property?
2.Angle Sum Property Formula
3.Proof of the Angle Sum Property
4.FAQs on Angle Sum Property

What is the Angle Sum Property?

According to the angle sum property of a triangle, the sum of all three interior angles of a triangle is 180 degrees. A triangle is a closed figure formed by three line segments, consisting of interior as well as exterior angles. The angle sum property is used to find the measure of an unknown interior angle when the values of the other two angles are known. Observe the following figure to understand the property.

Angle Sum Property | Theorem | Proof | Examples- Cuemath (1)

Angle Sum Property Formula

The angle sum property formula for any polygon is expressed as, S = (n − 2) × 180°, where 'n' represents the number of sides in the polygon. This property of a polygon states that the sum of the interior angles in a polygon can be found with the help of the number of triangles that can be formed inside it. These triangles are formed by drawing diagonals from a single vertex. However, to make things easier, this can be calculated by a simple formula, which says that if a polygon has 'n' sides, there will be (n - 2) triangles inside it. For example, let us take a decagon that has 10 sides and apply the formula. We get, S = (n − 2) × 180°, S = (10 − 2) × 180° = 10 × 180° = 1800°. Therefore, according to the angle sum property of a decagon, the sum of its interior angles is always 1800°. Similarly, the same formula can be applied to other polygons. The angle sum property is mostly used to find the unknown angles of a polygon.

Proof of the Angle Sum Property

Let's have a look at the proof of the angle sum property of the triangle. The steps for proving the angle sum property of a triangle are listed below:

  • Step 1: Draw a line PQ that passes through the vertex A and is parallel to side BC of the triangle ABC.
  • Step 2: We know that the sum of the angles on a straight line is equal to 180°. In other words, ∠PAB + ∠BAC + ∠QAC = 180°, which gives, Equation 1: ∠PAB + ∠BAC + ∠QAC = 180°
  • Step 3: Now, since line PQ is parallel to BC. ∠PAB = ∠ABC and ∠QAC = ∠ACB. (Interior alternate angles), which gives, Equation 2: ∠PAB = ∠ABC, and Equation 3: ∠QAC = ∠ACB
  • Step 4: Substitute ∠PAB and ∠QAC with ∠ABC and ∠ACB respectively, in Equation 1 as shown below.

Equation 1: ∠PAB + ∠BAC + ∠QAC = 180°. Thus we get, ∠ABC + ∠BAC + ∠ACB = 180°

Angle Sum Property | Theorem | Proof | Examples- Cuemath (2)

Hence proved, in triangle ABC, ∠ABC + ∠BAC + ∠ACB = 180°. Thus, the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is equal to 180°.

Important Points

The following points should be remembered while solving questions related to the angle sum property.

  • The angle sum property formula for any polygon is expressed as, S = ( n − 2) × 180°, where 'n' represents the number of sides in the polygon.
  • The angle sum property of a polygon states that the sum of the interior angles in a polygon can be found with the help of the number of triangles that can be formed inside it.
  • The sum of the interior angles of a triangle is always 180°.

Impoprtant Topics

  • Exterior Angle Theorem
  • Angles
  • Triangles

FAQs on Angle Sum Property

What is the Angle Sum Property of a Polygon?

The angle sum property of a polygon states that the sum of all the angles in a polygon can be found with the help of the number of triangles that can be formed in it. These triangles are formed by drawing diagonals from a single vertex. However, this can be calculated by a simple formula, which says that if a polygon has 'n' sides, there will be (n - 2) triangles inside it. The sum of the interior angles of a polygon can be calculated with the formula: S = (n − 2) × 180°, where 'n' represents the number of sides in the polygon. For example, if we take a quadrilateral and apply the formula using n = 4, we get: S = (n − 2) × 180°, S = (4 − 2) × 180° = 2 × 180° = 360°. Therefore, according to the angle sum property of a quadrilateral, the sum of its interior angles is always 360°. Similarly, the same formula can be applied to other polygons. The angle sum property is mostly used to find the unknown angles of a polygon.

What is the Angle Sum Property of a Triangle?

The angle sum property of a triangle says that the sum of its interior angles is equal to 180°. Whether a triangle is an acute, obtuse, or a right triangle, the sum of the angles will always be 180°. This can be represented as follows: In a triangle ABC, ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°.

What is the Angle Sum Property of a Hexagon?

According to the angle sum property of a hexagon, the sum of all the interior angles of a hexagon is 720°. In order to find the sum of the interior angles of a hexagon, we multiply the number of triangles in it by 180°. This is expressed by the formula: S = (n − 2) × 180°, where 'n' represents the number of sides in the polygon. In this case, 'n' = 6. Therefore, the sum of the interior angles of a hexagon = S = (n − 2) × 180° = (6 − 2) × 180° = 4 × 180° = 720°.

What is the Angle Sum Property of a Quadrilateral?

According to the angle sum property of a quadrilateral, the sum of all its four interior angles is 360°. This can be calculated by the formula, S = (n − 2) × 180°, where 'n' represents the number of sides in the polygon. In this case, 'n' = 4. Therefore, the sum of the interior angles of a quadrilateral = S = (4 − 2) × 180° = (4 − 2) × 180° = 2 × 180° = 360°.

What is the Exterior Angle Sum Property of a Triangle?

The exterior angle theorem says that the measure of each exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the opposite and non-adjacent interior angles.

What is the Formula of Angle Sum Property?

The formula for the angle sum property is, S = ( n − 2) × 180°, where 'n' represents the number of sides in the polygon. For example, if we want to find the sum of the interior angles of an octagon, in this case, 'n' = 8. Therefore, we will substitute the value of 'n' in the formula, and the sum of the interior angles of an octagon = S = (n − 2) × 180° = (8 − 2) × 180° = 6 × 180° = 1080°.

What is the Angle Sum Property of a Pentagon?

As per the angle sum property of a pentagon, the sum of all the interior angles of a pentagon is 540°. In order to find the sum of the interior angles of a pentagon, we multiply the number of triangles in it by 180°. This is expressed by the formula: S = (n − 2) × 180°, where 'n' represents the number of sides in the polygon. In this case, 'n' = 5. Therefore, the sum of the interior angles of a pentagon = S = (n − 2) × 180° = (5 − 2) × 180° = 3 × 180° = 540°.

How to Find the Third Angle in a Triangle?

We know that the sum of the angles of a triangle is always 180°. Therefore, if we know the two angles of a triangle, and we need to find its third angle, we use the angle sum property. We add the two known angles and subtract their sum from 180° to get the measure of the third angle. For example, if two angles of a triangle are 70° and 60°, we will add these, 70 + 60 = 130°, and we will subtract it from 180°, which is the sum of the angles of a triangle. So, the third angle = 180° - 130° = 50°.

How to Find the Exterior Angle of a Polygon?

The exterior angle of a polygon is the angle formed between any side of a polygon and a line that is extended from the adjacent side. In order to find the measure of an exterior angle of a regular polygon, we divide 360 by the number of sides 'n' of the given polygon. For example, in a regular hexagon, where 'n' = 6, each exterior angle will be 60° because 360 ÷ n = 360 ÷ 6 = 60°. It should be noted that the corresponding interior and exterior angles are supplementary and the exterior angles of a regular polygon are equal in measure.

Angle Sum Property | Theorem | Proof | Examples- Cuemath (2024)
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